José Figueres Ferrer

José María Hipólito Figueres Ferrer, Don Pepe, Costa Rican politician, thinker and humanist, served as President of the Republic in three periods, 1948-1949, 1953-1958 and 1970-1974, and as Secretary of Foreign Relations and Worship of Costa Rica from April to May 1948. He is the victorious leader of Costa Rica, founder of the Second Republic. One of its main achievements was the abolition of the Costa Rican army, being thus the first country of the world without army, which received world recognition, and consolidated Costa Rica like a country of peace and democracy in the world.

In 1924 he left for Boston, United States, on a work and study trip. He returns four years later and acquires the estate La Lucha sin Fin, in San Cristóbal de Desamparados. Produces sacks and hemp twine. Years later it would be dedicated to the elaboration of articles of wood. For twelve years he is engaged in agriculture and some industrial projects. During this time, he published in the press some writings on agricultural topics that are distributed in the "Popular Café" of San José. It joins the Pro Republic Spanish group in solidarity with the Iberian democracy, then threatened by fascism. From 1940 he often meets with his lawyer, Alberto Martén, and his partner Francisco Orlich, who is already a deputy, to analyze the situation in the country.